A form of inflammatory arthritis that results as a reaction to a bacterial infection outside the joint.

Symptoms of Reactive Arthritis

The following features are indicative of Reactive Arthritis:
  • joint pain
  • stiffness in joints
  • eye inflammation
  • increased frequency and discomfort during urination
  • swollen toes
  • rashes
  • low back pain
  • inflammation of soft tissue
It is possible that Reactive Arthritis shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Reactive Arthritis

The following are the most common causes of Reactive Arthritis:
  • Chlamydia bacteria
  • Salmonella bacteria
  • Shigella bacteria
  • Yersinia bacteria
  • Campylobacter bacteria
  • Clostridium difficile bacteria

Risk Factors for Reactive Arthritis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Reactive Arthritis:
  • age between 20 and 40 years
  • family history

Prevention of Reactive Arthritis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Reactive Arthritis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • use condoms each time to have sex
  • avoid uncooked and contaminated food

Occurrence of Reactive Arthritis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Reactive Arthritis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Widely occurring between 500K - 1 Million cases

Common Age Group

Reactive Arthritis most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 20-40 years

Common Gender

Reactive Arthritis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Reactive Arthritis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Reactive Arthritis:
  • Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR): To determine the type of arthritis and extent of inflammation
  • C-reactive protein test: To measure levels of general inflammation
  • Blood test: To check the HLA-B27 antigen activity
  • Low back, pelvis and joints x-rays: To diagnose the signs of reactive arthritis

Complications of Reactive Arthritis if untreated

Yes, Reactive Arthritis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Reactive Arthritis is left untreated:
  • coronary artery stenosis
  • high grade atrioventricular (A-V) blockage

Self-care for Reactive Arthritis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Reactive Arthritis:
  • Do regularly exercise: Improves strength and flexibility of joint and reduce stiffness
  • Use condoms during sex: Reduce the risk of infection
  • Eat well-cooked food: Prevents and reduces the risk of foodborne bacteria infection

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Reactive Arthritis

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Reactive Arthritis:
  • Physical therapy: Restore muscle strength, joint flexibility and motion

Time for Treatment of Reactive Arthritis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Reactive Arthritis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced

Is Reactive Arthritis Infectious?

Yes, Reactive Arthritis is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • through sex
  • through contaminated food

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Reactive Arthritis.

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