Protrusion of the rectum through the anus.

Symptoms of Rectal Prolapse

The following features are indicative of Rectal Prolapse:
  • leaking of stool
  • constipation
  • itchiness
  • anal discharge
  • rectal bleeding
  • faecal incontinence
It is possible that Rectal Prolapse shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Rectal Prolapse

The following are the most common causes of Rectal Prolapse:
  • defect in the pelvic floor
  • loose muscles of the anal sphincter
  • abnormally long colon
  • constipation
  • diarrhoea
  • chronic coughing
  • sneezing
  • cystic fibrosis
  • intestinal worm infections

Risk Factors for Rectal Prolapse

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Rectal Prolapse:
  • chronic psychiatric disease
  • constipation
  • previous pelvic surgery

Prevention of Rectal Prolapse

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Rectal Prolapse. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • by use of correct posture
  • drink plenty of fluids
  • eat high-fibre foods
  • use stool softeners

Occurrence of Rectal Prolapse

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Rectal Prolapse cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Not common between 50K - 500K cases

Common Age Group

Rectal Prolapse can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Rectal Prolapse can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Rectal Prolapse

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Rectal Prolapse:
  • Colonoscopy: To screen the early signs of colon and rectum abnormalities
  • Hemoglobin test: To examine bleeding of the rectum

Complications of Rectal Prolapse if untreated

Yes, Rectal Prolapse causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Rectal Prolapse is left untreated:
  • constipation
  • loss of bowel control
  • pelvic bleeding
  • pelvic abscess

Procedures for Treatment of Rectal Prolapse

The following procedures are used to treat Rectal Prolapse:
  • Surgery: To repair the weakened anal sphincter and pelvic muscles

Self-care for Rectal Prolapse

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Rectal Prolapse:
  • Treat and prevent constipation: Drink plenty of fluids and eat high-fibre foods, such as fruits, vegetables, beans and whole-grain cereals
  • Use correct posture: Stopping straining during bowel movements by use of correct posture

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 10/11/2019.
This page provides information for Rectal Prolapse.

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