Accumulation of urine within the bladder because of the inability to urinate

Symptoms of Retention of urine

The following features are indicative of Retention of urine:
  • inability to urinate
  • painful urination
  • urgent need to urinate
  • pain or discomfort in the lower abdomen
  • bloating of the lower abdomen
  • trouble beginning a urine stream
  • weak or an interrupted urine stream
  • an urgent need to urinate with little success when trying to urinate
  • feeling the need to urinate after finishing urination
  • mild and constant discomfort in the lower abdomen and urinary tract

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Common Causes of Retention of urine

The following are the most common causes of Retention of urine:
  • obstruction of the urethra
  • nerve problems
  • medications like antihistamines, anticholinergics, antispasmodics, tricyclic antidepressants, decongestants
  • weakened bladder muscles

Prevention of Retention of urine

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Retention of urine. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • treating potential underlying causes
  • dietary and lifestyle changes

Occurrence of Retention of urine

Common Gender

Retention of urine can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Retention of urine

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Retention of urine:
  • Postvoid residual measurement: To measure the amount of urine that is left in the bladder after an attempt have made to empty it completely
  • Cystoscopy: Endoscopy of the urinary bladder is performed to detect the cause of urinary retention
  • Urodynamic testing: To evaluate bladder's function and efficiency
  • CT scan (Computed tomography): It can show stones in the urinary tract, obstructions, infections, cysts, tumors, and traumatic injuries

Complications of Retention of urine if untreated

Yes, Retention of urine causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Retention of urine is left untreated:
  • urinary tract infection
  • bladder stones
  • atrophy of the detrusor muscle
  • hydronephrosis
  • hypertrophy of the detrusor muscle
  • diverticula (formation of pouches) in the bladder wall

Procedures for Treatment of Retention of urine

The following procedures are used to treat Retention of urine:
  • Urinary catheterisation: It involves placement of a small thin flexible tube into the bladder to drain urine and prevent bladder damage
  • Urethral stents: An artificial tube, called a stent is inserted into the urethra to treat for urethral stricture
  • Prostate surgery: To surgically remove enlarged prostate to treat urinary retention in case of benign prostatic hyperplasia
  • Internal urethrotomy: To repair a urethral stricture

Is Retention of urine Infectious?

Yes, Retention of urine is known to be infectious.

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Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Retention of urine.

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