The retina is a layer of tissue in the back of your eye that senses light and sends images to your brain. It provides the sharp, central vision needed for reading, driving, and seeing fine detail. A retinal detachment lifts or pulls the retina from its normal position. It can occur at any age, but it is more common in people over age 40. It affects men more than women and whites more than African Americans. A retinal detachment is also more likely to occur in people who

  • Are extremely nearsighted
  • Have had a retinal detachment in the other eye
  • Have a family history of retinal detachment
  • Have had cataract surgery
  • Have other eye diseases or disorders
  • Have had an eye injury

Symptoms include an increase in the number of floaters, which are little "cobwebs" or specks that float about in your field of vision, and/or light flashes in the eye. It may also seem like there is a "curtain" over your field of vision.

A retinal detachment is a medical emergency. If not promptly treated, it can cause permanent vision loss. If you have any symptoms, see an eye care professional immediately. Treatment includes different types of surgery.

NIH: National Eye Institute

Symptoms of Retinal Detachment

The following features are indicative of Retinal Detachment:
  • blurred vision
  • bright flashes of light
  • floaters in the eye
  • reduced peripheral vision
  • curtain-like shadow over your visual field
It is possible that Retinal Detachment shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Retinal Detachment

The following are the most common causes of Retinal Detachment:
  • advanced diabetes
  • tear or hole in the retina
  • trauma
  • bad nearsightedness
  • when sagging vitreous material fills inside eye

Risk Factors for Retinal Detachment

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Retinal Detachment:
  • family history
  • aging
  • extreme nearsightedness
  • previous eye surgery
  • previous retinal detachment in one eye

Prevention of Retinal Detachment

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Retinal Detachment. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • use protective eyewear to prevent eye trauma
  • control blood sugar

Occurrence of Retinal Detachment

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Retinal Detachment cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Retinal Detachment can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Retinal Detachment can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Retinal Detachment

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Retinal Detachment:
  • Retinal examination: To examine the back of your eye, including the retina
  • Ultrasound imaging: To determine bleeding in the eye

Doctor for Diagnosis of Retinal Detachment

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Retinal Detachment:
  • Ophthalmologist

Complications of Retinal Detachment if untreated

Yes, Retinal Detachment causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Retinal Detachment is left untreated:
  • permanent vision loss

Procedures for Treatment of Retinal Detachment

The following procedures are used to treat Retinal Detachment:
  • Surgery: To repair a retinal tear, hole or detachment and prevent retinal detachment
  • Scleral buckle surgery: To gently push the eye wall up against the retina
  • Vitrectomy: To remove gel or scar tissue pulling on the retina
  • Pneumatic retinopexy: Helps the retina float back into place
  • Laser surgery: To seal tears or holes in the retina

Self-care for Retinal Detachment

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Retinal Detachment:
  • Avoid rubbing your eye
  • Use Eye pad: Wear an eye pad for protection at night
  • Avoid stressful conditions: Avoid vigorous activity for some weeks
  • Medications follow-up: Be sure to follow all directions for medications, such as eye drops

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Retinal Detachment

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Retinal Detachment:
  • Using Fluid-gas exchange technique: Prevents the formation of the bubbles in the eyes and treat the retinal detachments

Patient Support for Treatment of Retinal Detachment

The following actions may help Retinal Detachment patients:
  • Talk to others with impaired vision: Helps to live with impaired vision and coping with the disease
  • Enlist the help of others: Share your vision problems with friends and family members so that they can help you in preventing impaired vision loss

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Retinal Detachment.

Related Topics

Retinal Disorders

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