A group of disorders marked by inflammation or pain in the connective tissue structures of the body. These structures include bone, cartilage, and fat

Symptoms of Rheumatism

The following features are indicative of Rheumatism:
  • chronic intermittent pain affecting the joints
It is possible that Rheumatism shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Rheumatism

The following are the most common causes of Rheumatism:
  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • relapsing polychondritis
  • systemic lupus erythematosus
  • rheumatoid arthritis
  • gout
  • juvenile arthritis

Other Causes of Rheumatism

The following are the less common causes of Rheumatism:
  • Sjögren syndrome
  • scleroderma
  • polymyositis
  • Dermatomyositis
  • Behçet's disease
  • Psoriatic arthritis

Risk Factors for Rheumatism

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Rheumatism:
  • being female
  • changes in barometric pressure

Prevention of Rheumatism

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Rheumatism. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • exercise program with a strong aerobic component

Occurrence of Rheumatism

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Rheumatism cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Rheumatism most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 18-70 years

Common Gender

Rheumatism can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Rheumatism

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Rheumatism:
  • Physical examination: To diagnose severe conditions of soft-tissue rheumatism

Complications of Rheumatism if untreated

Yes, Rheumatism causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Rheumatism is left untreated:
  • cutaneous necrosis
  • gangrene

Procedures for Treatment of Rheumatism

The following procedures are used to treat Rheumatism:
  • Joint replacement surgery: Removes the damaged parts of joints
  • Synovectomy: Surgery to remove inflamed synovium
  • Surgical joint fusion: To stabilize or realign the joints

Self-care for Rheumatism

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Rheumatism:
  • Exercise regularly: Gentle exercise can help to strengthen the muscles around joints
  • Apply heat packs: Helps to ease pain and to relax painful muscles

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Rheumatism

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Rheumatism:
  • Use of bee venom: Have beneficial effects on some types of rheumatism
  • Use of cod liver oil: To cure the severe condition of rheumatism

Time for Treatment of Rheumatism

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Rheumatism to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Rheumatism.

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