A genus of double stranded RNA viruses that carry 11 unique double helix molecules of RNA that encode one or two proteins each. The RNA is surrounded by a three-layered icosahedral protein capsid. Viral particles are up to 76.5 nm in diameter and are not enveloped.

Symptoms of Rotavirus

The following features are indicative of Rotavirus:
  • fever
  • vomiting
  • watery diarrhea
  • abdominal pain
  • nausea
It is possible that Rotavirus shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Rotavirus

The following are the most common causes of Rotavirus:
  • Rotavirus A
  • Rotavirus B
  • Rotavirus C
  • Rotavirus D
  • Rotavirus E
  • Rotavirus F

Risk Factors for Rotavirus

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Rotavirus:
  • winter season
  • spring season
  • children ages 3 to 35 months

Prevention of Rotavirus

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Rotavirus. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • rotateq vaccine
  • rotarix vaccine
  • wash hands thoroughly

Occurrence of Rotavirus

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Rotavirus cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Rotavirus most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 1-5 years

Common Gender

Rotavirus can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Rotavirus

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Rotavirus:
  • Stool sample test: To diagnose rotaviral infection

Complications of Rotavirus if untreated

Yes, Rotavirus causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Rotavirus is left untreated:
  • dehydration
  • can be fatal

Self-care for Rotavirus

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Rotavirus:
  • Use oral rehydration fluid: Helps by providing relief
  • Take rest: Helps by providing relief
  • Avoid dairy products: Prevents symptoms from worsening

Time for Treatment of Rotavirus

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Rotavirus to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Within 1 week

Is Rotavirus Infectious?

Yes, Rotavirus is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • fecal route
  • oral route

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Rotavirus.

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