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A genus of motile, rod-shaped Gram-negative enterobacteria in the phylum Proteobacteria.
Symptoms of Salmonella
The following features are indicative of Salmonella:
blood in the stool
It is possible that Salmonella shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.
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Common Causes of Salmonella
The following are the most common causes of Salmonella:
Salmonella enterica bacteria
Salmonella bongori bacteria
Risk Factors for Salmonella
The following factors may increase the likelihood of Salmonella:
contact with some pets, particularly birds and reptiles carry salmonella bacteria
weak immune system
Prevention of Salmonella
Yes, it may be possible to prevent Salmonella. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
properly handle and store foods
wash hands when handling eggs, poultry food
wear gloves when handling the animal or its feces
Occurrence of Salmonella
Number of Cases
The following are the number of Salmonella cases seen each year worldwide:
Very common > 10 Million cases
Common Age Group
Salmonella can occur at any age.
Salmonella can occur in any gender.
Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Salmonella
The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Salmonella:
Blood culture: To detect the severity of infection
Complete blood count: To determine the number of blood cells
Stool culture for salmonella: To detect severity of infection
Examination of stool for white blood cells: To determine number of white blood cells
Agglutinins antibodies test: To detect the cause of hemolytic anemia
Complications of Salmonella if untreated
Yes, Salmonella causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Salmonella is left untreated:
decreased urine output
dry mouth and tongue
reduced production of tears
Self-care for Salmonella
The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Salmonella:
eat small meals
drink plenty of liquids
wash hands properly
do not eat raw eggs
Time for Treatment of Salmonella
While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Salmonella to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
Within 1 week
Is Salmonella Infectious?
Yes, Salmonella is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
through contaminated food
Last updated date
This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
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