A genus of motile, rod-shaped Gram-negative enterobacteria in the phylum Proteobacteria.

Symptoms of Salmonella

The following features are indicative of Salmonella:
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • fever
  • diarrhea
  • chills
  • headache
  • blood in the stool
It is possible that Salmonella shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Salmonella

The following are the most common causes of Salmonella:
  • Salmonella enterica bacteria
  • Salmonella bongori bacteria

Risk Factors for Salmonella

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Salmonella:
  • contact with some pets, particularly birds and reptiles carry salmonella bacteria
  • poor sanitation
  • weak immune system

Prevention of Salmonella

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Salmonella. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • properly handle and store foods
  • wash hands when handling eggs, poultry food
  • wear gloves when handling the animal or its feces

Occurrence of Salmonella

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Salmonella cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Salmonella can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Salmonella can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Salmonella

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Salmonella:
  • Blood culture: To detect the severity of infection
  • Complete blood count: To determine the number of blood cells
  • Stool culture for salmonella: To detect severity of infection
  • Examination of stool for white blood cells: To determine number of white blood cells
  • Agglutinins antibodies test: To detect the cause of hemolytic anemia

Complications of Salmonella if untreated

Yes, Salmonella causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Salmonella is left untreated:
  • reactive arthritis
  • dehydration
  • meningitis
  • endocarditis
  • osteomyelitis
  • decreased urine output
  • dry mouth and tongue
  • sunken eyes
  • reduced production of tears
  • bacteremia
  • painful urination
  • painful joints

Self-care for Salmonella

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Salmonella:
  • eat small meals
  • drink plenty of liquids
  • wash hands properly
  • do not eat raw eggs

Time for Treatment of Salmonella

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Salmonella to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Within 1 week

Is Salmonella Infectious?

Yes, Salmonella is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • through contaminated food
  • fecal route

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Salmonella.

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