An acute or chronic inflammatory process affecting a salivary gland. Signs and symptoms include pain and tenderness in the affected area.

Symptoms of Sialadenitis

The following features are indicative of Sialadenitis:
  • swelling of the face
  • dry mouth
  • fever
  • redness over the side of the face or the upper neck
  • mouth pain when eating
  • decreased ability to open the mouth
It is possible that Sialadenitis shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Sialadenitis

The following are the most common causes of Sialadenitis:
  • Streptococci bacteria
  • Coliform bacteria
  • Staphylococcus aureus bacteria
  • decreased flow of saliva
  • people with dry mouth
  • people with Sjogren syndrome

Other Causes of Sialadenitis

The following are the less common causes of Sialadenitis:
  • mumps virus
  • HIV virus
  • coxsackievirus
  • Parainfluenza types I and II viruses
  • Influenza A virus
  • Herpes virus

Risk Factors for Sialadenitis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Sialadenitis:
  • old age
  • radiation exposure
  • people working in rubber manufacturing, asbestos mining and plumbing

Prevention of Sialadenitis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Sialadenitis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • practice good oral hygiene

Occurrence of Sialadenitis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Sialadenitis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Rare between 10K - 50K cases

Common Age Group

Sialadenitis can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Sialadenitis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Sialadenitis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Sialadenitis:
  • CT scan (Computed Tomography): To get the images of salivary gland
  • Physical examination: To look for enlarged glands
  • MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging): To determine the size of salivary gland

Complications of Sialadenitis if untreated

Yes, Sialadenitis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Sialadenitis is left untreated:
  • abscess of salivary gland
  • cellulitis
  • Ludwig's angina

Procedures for Treatment of Sialadenitis

The following procedures are used to treat Sialadenitis:
  • Surgery: To drain an abscess of salivary gland

Self-care for Sialadenitis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Sialadenitis:
  • practice good oral hygiene
  • stop smoking
  • drink plenty of water
  • rinse mouth with warm salt water
  • use warm compresses on the inflamed gland

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Sialadenitis

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Sialadenitis:
  • Do massage: Massage the gland with heat to reduce swelling

Patient Support for Treatment of Sialadenitis

The following actions may help Sialadenitis patients:
  • Joint online support group: Provide information about disease to patients and their families

Is Sialadenitis Infectious?

Yes, Sialadenitis is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • through direct contact with an infected person
  • by using a contaminated object
  • through cough
  • through sneezing

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Sialadenitis.
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