Cessation of breathing for short periods during sleep. It is classified as obstructive, central, or mixed obstructive-central. It can occur at any age but it is more frequent in people over forty. Risk factors include male sex and obesity

Symptoms of Sleep Apnoea

The following features are indicative of Sleep Apnoea:
  • loud snoring
  • episodes of breathing cessation
  • abrupt awakenings
  • morning headache
  • insomnia
  • excessive daytime sleepiness
  • attention problems
  • irritability
It is possible that Sleep Apnoea shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Sleep Apnoea

The following are the most common causes of Sleep Apnoea:
  • muscles in the back of throat get relax

Risk Factors for Sleep Apnoea

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Sleep Apnoea:
  • excess weight
  • thicker neck circumference
  • a narrowed airway
  • being male
  • being older
  • family history
  • alcohol consumption
  • smoking
  • nasal congestion

Prevention of Sleep Apnoea

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Sleep Apnoea. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • lose excessive weight
  • regular exercising
  • avoid alcohol consumption
  • use of saline nasal spray

Occurrence of Sleep Apnoea

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Sleep Apnoea cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Sleep Apnoea most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged > 50 years

Common Gender

Sleep Apnoea can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Sleep Apnoea

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Sleep Apnoea:
  • Nocturnal polysomnography: Monitors heart, lungs and brain activity

Complications of Sleep Apnoea if untreated

Yes, Sleep Apnoea causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Sleep Apnoea is left untreated:
  • liver problems
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • type 2 diabetes
  • daytime fatigue

Procedures for Treatment of Sleep Apnoea

The following procedures are used to treat Sleep Apnoea:
  • Continuous positive airway pressure therapy: Delivers the air pressure through a mask placed over nose while sleeping
  • Use of oral appliances: Helps in relieving snoring and mild obstructive sleep apnea
  • Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty: To remove tissue from the rear of mouth and top of throat
  • Nasal surgery: Removes polyps or straighten a crooked partition between nostrils

Self-care for Sleep Apnoea

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Sleep Apnoea:
  • Lose excessive weight: Helps in relieving constriction of throat
  • Regular exercising: Helps to ease the symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea even without weight loss
  • Avoid alcohol consumption: To relax the muscles in the back of throat, interfering with breathing
  • Use of a saline nasal spray: Helps to keep nasal passages open
  • Stop smoking: To reduce the severe conditions of obstructive sleep apnea

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Sleep Apnoea

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Sleep Apnoea:
  • Physical therapy: Do exercise to lose excess weight

Time for Treatment of Sleep Apnoea

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Sleep Apnoea to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 3 months

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Sleep Apnoea.

Related Topics

Sleep Apnea

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