An inflammatory reaction from ultraviolet radiation characterized by transient redness, tenderness and occasional blistering.

Symptoms of Sunburn

The following features are indicative of Sunburn:
  • redness over skin
  • swelling of skin
  • small fluid-filled blisters on skin
  • headache
  • fever
  • nausea
  • fatigue

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Common Causes of Sunburn

The following are the most common causes of Sunburn:
  • too much exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light

Risk Factors for Sunburn

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Sunburn:
  • having light skin
  • living at higher altitudes
  • alcohol consumption
  • having a history of sunburn
  • regularly exposing unprotected skin to UV light

Prevention of Sunburn

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Sunburn. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid sun exposure between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m
  • proper covering of skin
  • apply sunscreen lotions on regular basis
  • wear sunglasses while going outside

Occurrence of Sunburn

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Sunburn cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Sunburn can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Sunburn can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Sunburn

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Sunburn:
  • Phototesting: To see skin reaction to the UV (ultraviolet) radiation by exposing to UVA (ultraviolet A) and UVB (ultraviolet B) light

Complications of Sunburn if untreated

Yes, Sunburn causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Sunburn is left untreated:
  • premature aging of skin
  • skin cancer

Self-care for Sunburn

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Sunburn:
  • apply cool compresses over skin
  • Apply an aloe vera lotion: Helps in soothing the affected skin
  • don't break small blisters

Time for Treatment of Sunburn

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Sunburn to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Sunburn.

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