Superficial Thrombophlebitis

Thrombosis and inflammation of a superficial vein of the extremities. Symptoms include red discoloration and warmth of the skin and pain along the affected vein.

Symptoms of Superficial Thrombophlebitis

The following features are indicative of Superficial Thrombophlebitis:
  • limb pain
  • warmth
  • tenderness
  • hardening of the vein
  • pain in the affected area
  • skin redness
  • swelling
It is possible that Superficial Thrombophlebitis shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Superficial Thrombophlebitis

The following are the most common causes of Superficial Thrombophlebitis:
  • an injury to a vein
  • an inherited blood-clotting disorder
  • being immobile for long period

Risk Factors for Superficial Thrombophlebitis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Superficial Thrombophlebitis:
  • inactivity for a prolonged period
  • varicose veins
  • a pacemaker
  • a thin flexible tube in a central vein
  • pregnancy
  • use of birth control pills
  • hormone replacement therapy
  • family history of a blood-clotting disorder
  • previous episodes of thrombophlebitis
  • stroke
  • older than 60
  • overweight or obese
  • liver disease
  • smoking

Prevention of Superficial Thrombophlebitis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Superficial Thrombophlebitis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • take a walk
  • wear loose clothing
  • drink plenty of nonalcoholic fluids to avoid dehydration
  • do not keep your legs and arms still for long periods

Occurrence of Superficial Thrombophlebitis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Superficial Thrombophlebitis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Rare between 10K - 50K cases

Common Age Group

Superficial Thrombophlebitis most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged > 50 years

Common Gender

Superficial Thrombophlebitis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Superficial Thrombophlebitis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Superficial Thrombophlebitis:
  • Ultrasound: To confirm the diagnosis and distinguish between superficial and deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
  • Blood test: It is useful for ruling out DVT and for identifying people at risk of developing thrombophlebitis repeatedly

Complications of Superficial Thrombophlebitis if untreated

Yes, Superficial Thrombophlebitis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Superficial Thrombophlebitis is left untreated:
  • gastrocnemius-soleus contractur
  • fatigue
  • back and knee pain
  • stress
  • depression

Procedures for Treatment of Superficial Thrombophlebitis

The following procedures are used to treat Superficial Thrombophlebitis:
  • Varicose vein stripping: Surgically remove varicose veins that cause pain or recurrent thrombophlebitis

Self-care for Superficial Thrombophlebitis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Superficial Thrombophlebitis:
  • use a warm washcloth to apply heat to the affected area
  • elevate the affected leg or arm above the heart level
  • wear compression stockings

Time for Treatment of Superficial Thrombophlebitis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Superficial Thrombophlebitis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 4 weeks

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Superficial Thrombophlebitis.
Superficial Thrombophlebitis

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