Symptoms of Swollen Legs

The following features are indicative of Swollen Legs:
  • swelling or puffiness of the tissue
  • stretched or shiny skin
  • skin that retains a dimple after being pressed
  • increased abdominal size
It is possible that Swollen Legs shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Swollen Legs

The following are the most common causes of Swollen Legs:
  • sitting or staying in one position for too long
  • eating too much salty food
  • premenstrual signs and symptoms
  • pregnancy
  • use of high blood pressure medications
  • inadequate working of lymphatic system

Other Causes of Swollen Legs

The following are the less common causes of Swollen Legs:
  • congestive heart failure
  • kidney diseases
  • weakness or damage to veins in the legs

Risk Factors for Swollen Legs

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Swollen Legs:
  • during pregnancy
  • people who intake high blood pressure medications
  • people who intake nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • people who take certain diabetes medications
  • heart failure
  • liver disease
  • kidney disease

Prevention of Swollen Legs

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Swollen Legs. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • exercise regularly
  • reduce salt intake
  • wear compression stockings, sleeves or gloves
  • do massage

Occurrence of Swollen Legs

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Swollen Legs cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Swollen Legs most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 20-50 years

Common Gender

Swollen Legs can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Swollen Legs

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Swollen Legs:
  • Physical exam: To determine the underlying cause of the edema
  • Blood electrolyte levels: To determine an overall picture of the body's chemical balance and metabolism
  • Echocardiography: To create pictures of the heart
  • ECG (Electrocardiography): To record the electrical activity of the heart
  • Kidney function test: To evaluate how well the kidneys are working
  • Liver function test: To evaluate how well the liver is working
  • Urinalysis: To detect and measure the compounds that pass through the urine
  • X-ray: To see the air and fluid containing areas

Complications of Swollen Legs if untreated

Yes, Swollen Legs causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Swollen Legs is left untreated:
  • increases painful swelling
  • difficulty in walking
  • stiffness
  • stretched skin
  • increased risk of infection in the swollen area
  • scarring between layers of tissue
  • decreased blood circulation
  • decreased elasticity of arteries, veins, joints and muscles
  • increased risk of skin ulcers

Self-care for Swollen Legs

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Swollen Legs:
  • Exercise regularly: Helps in pumping the excess fluid back to heart
  • Elevate affected body part: Helps in treating the condition
  • Reduce salt intake: Helps preventing edema from worsening

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Swollen Legs

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Swollen Legs:
  • Massage therapy: Helps in moving the excess fluid out of the affected area

Time for Treatment of Swollen Legs

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Swollen Legs to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 4 weeks

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Swollen Legs.

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