A combination of medical conditions that, when present, increase the risk of heart attack, stroke, and diabetes mellitus. It includes the following medical conditions: increased blood pressure, central obesity, abnormal cholesterol levels, and elevated fasting glucose.

Symptoms of Syndrome X

The following features are indicative of Syndrome X:
  • large waist circumference
  • increased thirst and urination
  • fatigue
  • blurred vision
It is possible that Syndrome X shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Syndrome X

The following are the most common causes of Syndrome X:
  • overweight
  • insulin resistance

Risk Factors for Syndrome X

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Syndrome X:
  • increasing age
  • obesity
  • nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
  • having diabetes
  • Mexican-Americans

Prevention of Syndrome X

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Syndrome X. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • control blood pressure levels
  • control cholesterol levels
  • control blood glucose levels

Occurrence of Syndrome X

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Syndrome X cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Syndrome X can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Syndrome X can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Syndrome X

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Syndrome X:
  • Large waist circumference: Measure waistline at least 35 inches for women and 40 inches for men
  • Blood triglyceride level: Measures the amount of triglyceride level such as 50 milligrams per deciliter,(mg/dL), or 1.7 millimoles per liter (mmol/L), or higher
  • Cholesterol level: Reduced high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol less than 40 mg/dL (1.04 mmol/L) in men or less than 50 mg/dL (1.3 mmol/L) in women of this good cholesterol
  • Blood pressure: Measure the amount of blood pressure level such as 130/85 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) or higher
  • Fasting glucose level: To measure the fasting blood sugar level such as 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) or higher

Doctor for Diagnosis of Syndrome X

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Syndrome X:
  • Endocrinologist
  • Cardiologist

Complications of Syndrome X if untreated

Yes, Syndrome X causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Syndrome X is left untreated:
  • diabetes
  • cardiovascular disease

Self-care for Syndrome X

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Syndrome X:
  • Take heart-healthy diet: Keep the heart health and reduces the chances of disease
  • Maintain healthy body weight: Keeps the hormonal and metabolic level normal
  • Quit smoking: Keep the cholesterol and blood pressure in control

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Syndrome X

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Syndrome X:
  • Consume dietary supplementation with chromium picolinate: Attenuate the insulin resistance and reduce the cardiovascular risk factors
  • Intake cinnamon extract supplements: Attenuate the insulin resistance and reduce the cardiovascular risk factors
  • Do yoga, tai chi, qigong and meditation: Improves the indices of the metabolic syndrome

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Syndrome X.

Related Topics

Metabolic Syndrome

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