Testicular Disorders

Testicles, or testes, make male hormones and sperm. They are two egg-shaped organs inside the scrotum, the loose sac of skin behind the penis. It's easy to injure your testicles because they are not protected by bones or muscles. Men and boys should wear athletic supporters when they play sports.

You should examine your testicles monthly and seek medical attention for lumps, redness, pain or other changes. Testicles can get inflamed or infected. They can also develop cancer. Testicular cancer is rare and highly treatable. It usually happens between the ages of 15 and 40.

Symptoms of Testicular Disorders

The following features are indicative of Testicular Disorders:
  • inflammation of one or both testicles
  • pain
  • tenderness in one or both testicles
  • fever
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • lumps in the testicles or groin area
  • feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
  • dull ache in the abdomen or groin
  • sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum
  • pain or discomfort in a testicle or the scrotum
  • enlargement or tenderness of the breasts
  • back pain
It is possible that Testicular Disorders shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Testicular Disorders

The following are the most common causes of Testicular Disorders:
  • sexually transmitted infections
  • gonorrhea
  • chlamydia
  • infertility

Risk Factors for Testicular Disorders

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Testicular Disorders:
  • not being immunized against mumps
  • having recurring urinary tract infections
  • being born with an abnormality in the urinary tract
  • having surgery that involves the genitals or urinary tract
  • multiple sexual partners
  • abnormal testicle development
  • undescended testicle
  • family history of the cancer
  • teens and younger men
  • black men

Prevention of Testicular Disorders

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Testicular Disorders. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • get immunized against mumps
  • practice safe sex

Occurrence of Testicular Disorders

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Testicular Disorders cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Testicular Disorders can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Testicular Disorders most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Male

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Testicular Disorders

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Testicular Disorders:
  • Physical exam: To detect the enlarged lymph nodes in your groin and an enlarged testicle on the affected side
  • Rectal examination: To check for prostate enlargement or tenderness
  • Urine test: To evaluate abnormalities in your urine sample
  • Ultrasound: To detect the testicular torsion
  • Nuclear scan of the testicles: To diagnose torsion or orchitis
  • Sexual transmitted infections screening: To determine gonorrhea and chlamydia
  • Blood tests: To determine the levels of tumor markers in the blood

Doctor for Diagnosis of Testicular Disorders

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Testicular Disorders:
  • Urologist
  • Medical oncologist
  • Radiation oncologist
  • Radiologist

Complications of Testicular Disorders if untreated

Yes, Testicular Disorders causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Testicular Disorders is left untreated:
  • testicular atrophy
  • scrotal abscess
  • repeated epididymitis
  • infertility

Procedures for Treatment of Testicular Disorders

The following procedures are used to treat Testicular Disorders:
  • Surgery: Removal of testicle or nearby lymph nodes
  • Radiation therapy: To kill the cancer cells
  • Chemotherapy: To kill the cancer cells

Self-care for Testicular Disorders

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Testicular Disorders:
  • Avoid lifting heavy objects: Helps in easing your discomfort
  • Regular exercise: Improves physical and emotional health
  • Eat good diet: Helps in getting healthy weight
  • Avoid smoking habits

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Testicular Disorders

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Testicular Disorders:
  • Apply ice packs: Helps in relieving tenderness and discomfort
  • Acupuncture or massage: Helps in relieving the symptoms

Patient Support for Treatment of Testicular Disorders

The following actions may help Testicular Disorders patients:
  • Learn enough about testicular cancer: Makes you feel comfortable in making decisions about the disease
  • Take care of yourself: Eat a healthy diet in the everyday life to prepare for cancer treatment
  • Connect with other cancer survivors: Boosts your confidence and helps in dealing with the disease
  • Stay connected with loved ones: Provides you a distraction when you're feeling down

Time for Treatment of Testicular Disorders

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Testicular Disorders to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Testicular Disorders.
Penis Disorders
Testicular Cancer

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