Abnormally low concentrations of vitamin B1 in the blood.

Symptoms of Thiamine Deficiency

The following features are indicative of Thiamine Deficiency:
  • fast heart rate
  • shortness of breath
  • leg swelling
  • numbness of the hands and feet
  • confusion
  • trouble moving the legs
  • pain
  • loss of appetite
  • constipation
  • weight loss
  • emotional disturbances
  • weakness

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Common Causes of Thiamine Deficiency

The following are the most common causes of Thiamine Deficiency:
  • alcoholism
  • kidney dialysis
  • mutations in the gene SLC19A2 and SLC19A3 genes
  • Wernicke's disease

Risk Factors for Thiamine Deficiency

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Thiamine Deficiency:
  • high white rice diet
  • alcoholism
  • kidney dialysis
  • chronic diarrhea
  • taking high doses of diuretics

Prevention of Thiamine Deficiency

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Thiamine Deficiency. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • add micronutrients to food

Occurrence of Thiamine Deficiency

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Thiamine Deficiency cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very rare between 1K - 10K cases

Common Age Group

Thiamine Deficiency can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Thiamine Deficiency can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Thiamine Deficiency

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Thiamine Deficiency:
  • Blood tests: To measure thiamine level in the blood
  • Erythrocyte Transketolase Activation Assay: To measure the activity of the enzyme transketolase in erythrocytes

Complications of Thiamine Deficiency if untreated

Yes, Thiamine Deficiency causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Thiamine Deficiency is left untreated:
  • coma
  • congestive heart failure
  • can be fatal
  • psychosis

Self-care for Thiamine Deficiency

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Thiamine Deficiency:
  • Eat thiamine rich diet such as whole grain brown bread: To maintain thiamine level in the body

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Thiamine Deficiency

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Thiamine Deficiency:
  • Intake of vitamin B supplements: Fulfills the deficiency of thiamine in the body

Time for Treatment of Thiamine Deficiency

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Thiamine Deficiency to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Within 1 day

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 10/10/2019.
This page provides information for Thiamine Deficiency.

Related Topics

Thiamine Deficiency

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