Inflammation of the veins associated with the presence of a thrombus.

Symptoms of Thrombophlebitis

The following features are indicative of Thrombophlebitis:
  • swelling in the part of the body affected
  • pain in the part of the body affected
  • skin redness
  • warmth and tenderness over the vein

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Common Causes of Thrombophlebitis

The following are the most common causes of Thrombophlebitis:
  • trauma to a vein due to insertion of an intravenous catheter
  • ovarian cancer
  • an injury to vein
  • immobility of legs for longer time due to injury or hospital stay

Risk Factors for Thrombophlebitis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Thrombophlebitis:
  • varicose veins infection
  • insertion of catheter in a central vein
  • pregnancy
  • use of birth control pills
  • family history
  • previous episodes of thrombophlebitis
  • stroke
  • age more than 60 years
  • obesity
  • smoking

Prevention of Thrombophlebitis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Thrombophlebitis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • do regular walk
  • wear loose clothing
  • drink plenty of non alcoholic fluids

Occurrence of Thrombophlebitis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Thrombophlebitis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Rare between 10K - 50K cases

Common Age Group

Thrombophlebitis most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged > 60 years

Common Gender

Thrombophlebitis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Thrombophlebitis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Thrombophlebitis:
  • Ultrasound examination with Wandlike device: To confirm the diagnosis and distinguish between superficial and deep vein thrombosis
  • Blood test: To identify people at risk of developing thrombophlebitis repeatedly

Complications of Thrombophlebitis if untreated

Yes, Thrombophlebitis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Thrombophlebitis is left untreated:
  • pulmonary embolism
  • chronic pain
  • severe swelling in the leg

Procedures for Treatment of Thrombophlebitis

The following procedures are used to treat Thrombophlebitis:
  • Surgery: To remove varicose veins that cause pain or recurrent thrombophlebitis through small incisions

Self-care for Thrombophlebitis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Thrombophlebitis:
  • Application of heat to the affected area with warm washcloth: Helps to improve symptoms of thrombophlebitis
  • Elevation of legs: In order to prevent swelling of legs

Time for Treatment of Thrombophlebitis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Thrombophlebitis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 3 months

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Thrombophlebitis.
Superficial Thrombophlebitis

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