A neurological disorder presenting in childhood that is characterized by motor and/or phonic tics that occur daily or nearly daily for one to twelve months and are not attributed to an identifiable cause.

Symptoms of Tic Disorders

The following features are indicative of Tic Disorders:
  • excessive eye blinking
  • grimaces of the face
  • involuntary head shaking
  • nose twitching
  • arm flapping
  • shoulder jerking
  • fatigue
  • foot stomping
  • coughing
  • grunting sound
  • throat clearing
  • lip biting

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Common Causes of Tic Disorders

The following are the most common causes of Tic Disorders:
  • mutation in the SLITRK1 gene
  • family history

Risk Factors for Tic Disorders

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Tic Disorders:
  • family history
  • males

Prevention of Tic Disorders

No, it is not possible to prevent Tic Disorders.
  • genetic mutations in the SLITRK1 gene

Occurrence of Tic Disorders

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Tic Disorders cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Tic Disorders most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 3-12 years

Common Gender

Tic Disorders can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Tic Disorders

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Tic Disorders:
  • Physical examination: To examine the sign and symptoms of chronic motor tic disorder
  • MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging): To provide information about the brain
  • CT scan (Computerized tomography): To examine neurophysiological abnormalities
  • EEG (electroencephalogram): To evaluate the electrical activity in the brain

Complications of Tic Disorders if untreated

Yes, Tic Disorders causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Tic Disorders is left untreated:
  • attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  • obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • autism spectrum disorder
  • learning disabilities
  • sleep disorders
  • depression
  • anxiety disorders
  • anger-management problems

Procedures for Treatment of Tic Disorders

The following procedures are used to treat Tic Disorders:
  • Deep brain stimulation: Implants a battery-operated medical device in the brain to deliver electrical stimulation

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Tic Disorders

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Tic Disorders:
  • Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT): A kind of talk therapy, helps to deal with symptoms and also improve social and emotional problems
  • Psychotherapy: Helps coping with accompanying problems, such as ADHD (Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder), obsessions, depression or anxiety

Patient Support for Treatment of Tic Disorders

The following actions may help Tic Disorders patients:
  • Local Tourette Association: It can help you connect with other families
  • Parent-to-Parent Programs: It provides information and emotional support to families of children with Tourette's Syndrome

Time for Treatment of Tic Disorders

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Tic Disorders to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 3 months

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Tic Disorders.

Related Topics

Tic Disorders

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