Tracheal Disorders

Also called: Windpipe disorders

Your trachea, or windpipe, is one part of your airway system. Airways are pipes that carry oxygen-rich air to your lungs. They also carry carbon dioxide, a waste gas, out of your lungs.

When you inhale, air travels from your nose, through your larynx, and down your windpipe. The windpipe splits into two bronchi that enter your lungs.

Problems with the trachea include narrowing, inflammation, and some inherited conditions. You may need a procedure called a tracheostomy to help you breathe if you have swallowing problems, or have conditions that affect coughing or block your airways. You might also need a tracheostomy if you are in critical care and need to be on a breathing machine.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Symptoms of Tracheal Disorders

The following features are indicative of Tracheal Disorders:
  • cough that doesn't go away
  • changes in a chronic cough
  • coughing up blood
  • shortness of breath
  • chest pain
  • wheezing
  • hoarseness
  • losing weight without trying
  • bone pain
  • headache
  • sputum retention
  • numbness of the upper jaw, palate, face, or tongue
  • difficulty swallowing
  • paralysis of a facial nerve
It is possible that Tracheal Disorders shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Tracheal Disorders

The following are the most common causes of Tracheal Disorders:
  • smoking
  • genetic mutation

Risk Factors for Tracheal Disorders

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Tracheal Disorders:
  • family history of lung cancer
  • smoking
  • exposure to asbestos and other carcinogens
  • exposure to radon gas
  • exposure to secondhand smoke

Prevention of Tracheal Disorders

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Tracheal Disorders. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid smoking
  • avoid secondhand smoke
  • avoid carcinogens at work
  • eat a diet full of fruits and vegetables
  • exercise most days of the week

Occurrence of Tracheal Disorders

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Tracheal Disorders cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Tracheal Disorders most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged > 50 years

Common Gender

Tracheal Disorders can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Tracheal Disorders

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Tracheal Disorders:
  • Computerized tomography (CT) scans: To diagnose the lung cancer
  • Imaging tests: To examine the abnormal mass or nodule in your lungs
  • Sputum cytology: To evaluate the presence of lung cancer cells
  • Biopsy: To eliminate the sample of abnormal cells
  • Bronchoscopy: To diagnose the tracheobronchomalacia
  • Magnetic resonance imaging: To measure the tumor’s size
  • Positron emission tomography scan: To determine if the tumor has spread to other parts of the body

Doctor for Diagnosis of Tracheal Disorders

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Tracheal Disorders:
  • Pulmonologists
  • Radiation oncologists
  • Oncologists
  • Thoracic surgeons
  • Palliative care specialists

Complications of Tracheal Disorders if untreated

Yes, Tracheal Disorders causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Tracheal Disorders is left untreated:
  • pleural effusion
  • pain
  • shortness of breath
  • hemoptysis
  • metastasis
  • windpipe scarring

Procedures for Treatment of Tracheal Disorders

The following procedures are used to treat Tracheal Disorders:
  • Surgery: To remove the tumor
  • Chemotherapy: To destroy the cancer cells
  • Radiation therapy: To kill cancer cells
  • Tracheostomy: Helps in enabling breathing

Self-care for Tracheal Disorders

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Tracheal Disorders:
  • Keep yourself relaxed: To cope with shortness of breath
  • Find a comfortable position: Helps to lean forward when you feel short of breath
  • Focus your mind on your breathing: Makes you feel comfortable
  • Save your energy for what's important: Reduces your tiredness

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Tracheal Disorders

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Tracheal Disorders:
  • Acupuncture: Lowers the pain and ease cancer treatment side effects
  • Get massage: Reduces anxiety and pain in people with cancer
  • Do meditation: Lowers stress and improve quality of life in people with cancer
  • Do yoga: Helps people with cancer sleep better

Patient Support for Treatment of Tracheal Disorders

The following actions may help Tracheal Disorders patients:
  • Supportive care: Improves the mood and quality of life
  • Learn enough about lung cancer to make decisions about your care: Helps you in becoming more confident in making treatment decisions
  • Keep friends and family close: Provides the practical support and help you deal with your lung cancer
  • Find support groups: Helps in dealing with difficult emotions by sharing their feelings

Time for Treatment of Tracheal Disorders

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Tracheal Disorders to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Tracheal Disorders.

Related Topics

Choking
Croup
Throat Disorders

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