A species of facultatively aerobic, Gram-negative, coccobacilli assigned to the phylum Chlamydiae. This species cannot be grown on an artificial medium, lacks peptidoglycan within the cell wall, forms elementary and reticulate bodies and can be identified using monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) to epitopes in the VS 4 region of MOMP along with DNA sequencing. C. trachomatis is an obligate intracellular parasite that can be transmitted through sexual contact causing infections of the genital tract and rectum and infertility in women, as well as cause eye infections

Symptoms of Trachoma

The following features are indicative of Trachoma:
  • mild itching in the eyes and eyelids
  • irritation of the eyes and eyelids
  • discharge from the eye
  • swollen eyelids
  • photophobia
  • eye pain
  • cloudy cornea
  • turned-in eyelashes
  • swelling of lymph nodes just in front of the ears

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Common Causes of Trachoma

The following are the most common causes of Trachoma:
  • Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria infection
  • eye-seeking flies
  • direct contact with infected nose or throat fluids
  • contaminated objects such as towels or clothes

Risk Factors for Trachoma

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Trachoma:
  • poverty
  • crowded living condition
  • poor sanitation
  • child age
  • being women
  • flies
  • lack of latrines

Prevention of Trachoma

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Trachoma. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • wash face thoroughly
  • wash hands thoroughly
  • control flies
  • proper waste management
  • drink fresh water
  • don't sharing items such as towels
  • keep clothes clean

Occurrence of Trachoma

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Trachoma cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Trachoma most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 1-5 years

Common Gender

Trachoma most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Female

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Trachoma

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Trachoma:
  • Eye exam: To look for scarring on the inside of the upper eyelid, redness of the white part of the eyes and new blood vessel growth into the cornea

Complications of Trachoma if untreated

Yes, Trachoma causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Trachoma is left untreated:
  • corneal ulcer
  • additional scars
  • vision loss

Procedures for Treatment of Trachoma

The following procedures are used to treat Trachoma:
  • Eyelid surgery: To prevent long-term scarring which can lead to blindness

Self-care for Trachoma

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Trachoma:
  • Face washing and hand-washing: Help to break the cycle of reinfection
  • Controlling flies: Help to eliminate a major source of transmission
  • Proper waste management: Helps to reduce breeding grounds for flies
  • Improve access to water: Help to improve hygienic conditions

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Trachoma.

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