Tuberculosis of spine

Symptoms of Tuberculosis of spine

The following features are indicative of Tuberculosis of spine:
  • back pain
  • spinal tenderness
  • paraplegia
  • spinal deformities
It is possible that Tuberculosis of spine shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Tuberculosis of spine

The following are the most common causes of Tuberculosis of spine:
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection

Risk Factors for Tuberculosis of spine

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Tuberculosis of spine:
  • HIV infection
  • poverty
  • overcrowding
  • illiteracy
  • malnutrition
  • alcoholism
  • drug abuse
  • diabetes mellitus
  • immunosuppressive treatment

Prevention of Tuberculosis of spine

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Tuberculosis of spine.

Occurrence of Tuberculosis of spine

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Tuberculosis of spine cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Tuberculosis of spine can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Tuberculosis of spine can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Tuberculosis of spine

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Tuberculosis of spine:
  • MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging): To diagnose presence of vertebral bodies on either side of the disk, disk destruction and presence of vertebral column deformities
  • Neuroimaging-guided needle biopsy: To diagnose affected site in the center of the vertebral body
  • Radiography of spine: To diagnose lytic destruction of anterior portion of vertebral body
  • Tuberculin skin test: To diagnose tuberculosis in HIV infected persons

Complications of Tuberculosis of spine if untreated

Yes, Tuberculosis of spine causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Tuberculosis of spine is left untreated:
  • paraplegia
  • tetraplegia

Procedures for Treatment of Tuberculosis of spine

The following procedures are used to treat Tuberculosis of spine:
  • Surgery: To drain spinal abscesses or debride bony lesions fully or to stabilize the spine

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Tuberculosis of spine

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Tuberculosis of spine:
  • Physical therapy: Helps in providing pain-relieving modalities, postural education and exercise program for strength and flexibility

Time for Treatment of Tuberculosis of spine

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Tuberculosis of spine to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 6 months - 1 year

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Tuberculosis of spine.

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