A bacterial infectious disorder contracted by consumption of food or drink contaminated with Salmonella typhi. This disorder is common in developing countries and can be treated with antibiotics.

Symptoms of Typhoid Fever

The following features are indicative of Typhoid Fever:
  • headache
  • diarrhea
  • high fever
  • abdominal pain
  • constipation
  • weakness
  • dry cough
  • fatigue
  • rash
  • sweating
  • loss of appetite and weight loss
It is possible that Typhoid Fever shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Typhoid Fever

The following are the most common causes of Typhoid Fever:
  • Salmonella typhi bacteria

Risk Factors for Typhoid Fever

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Typhoid Fever:
  • children population
  • have close contact with someone who is infected
  • drink water contaminated by sewage that contains S. typhi
  • work in or travel to areas where typhoid fever is endemic
  • work as a clinical microbiologist handling Salmonella typhi bacteria
  • poor sanitation
  • poor hygiene

Prevention of Typhoid Fever

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Typhoid Fever. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • improved sanitation
  • adequate medical care
  • safe drinking water
  • get vaccinated against typhoid fever
  • avoid raw fruits and vegetables
  • wash hands frequently
  • avoid drinking untreated water

Occurrence of Typhoid Fever

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Typhoid Fever cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Typhoid Fever can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Typhoid Fever can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Typhoid Fever

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Typhoid Fever:
  • Complete blood count: To determine the number of white blood cells
  • Culture test: To confirm detected typhoid fever infection

Doctor for Diagnosis of Typhoid Fever

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Typhoid Fever:
  • Infectious disease specialist

Complications of Typhoid Fever if untreated

Yes, Typhoid Fever causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Typhoid Fever is left untreated:
  • intestinal bleeding
  • pneumonia
  • psychiatric problems
  • myocarditis
  • pancreatitis
  • endocarditis
  • meningitis
  • kidney or bladder infections

Procedures for Treatment of Typhoid Fever

The following procedures are used to treat Typhoid Fever:
  • Surgery: To treat the intestinal bleeding and repair the hole

Medicines for Typhoid Fever

Below is the list of medicines used for Typhoid Fever:

Self-care for Typhoid Fever

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Typhoid Fever:
  • Drinking plenty of fluids: Helps in preventing from fever, diarrhea and to avoid dehydration
  • Eat well-cooked food: Prevents and reduces the risk of typhoid fever and infections

Patient Support for Treatment of Typhoid Fever

The following actions may help Typhoid Fever patients:
  • Patient education and support: Get informed about the nature of the infection and mode of transmission, helps in preventing the infections and disease

Time for Treatment of Typhoid Fever

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Typhoid Fever to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 4 weeks

Is Typhoid Fever Infectious?

Yes, Typhoid Fever is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • close contact with someone who's infected
  • contaminated food and water

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 10/30/2020.
This page provides information for Typhoid Fever.

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