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Angina pectoris (or equivalent type of ischemic discomfort) which has recently changed in frequency, duration, intensity, or occurs at rest.

Symptoms of Unstable Angina

The following features are indicative of Unstable Angina:
  • chest pain
  • chest discomfort
  • squeezing
  • pain in the arms
  • pain in the jaw
  • pain in the neck
  • nausea
  • fatigue
  • shortness of breath
  • sweating
  • dizziness
It is possible that Unstable Angina shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Unstable Angina

The following are the most common causes of Unstable Angina:
  • atherosclerosis
  • ischemia

Risk Factors for Unstable Angina

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Unstable Angina:
  • excessive use of tobacco
  • diabetes
  • high blood pressure
  • family history
  • age older than 45

Prevention of Unstable Angina

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Unstable Angina. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • quit smoking
  • controlling diabetes, high blood pressure
  • eat healthy diet
  • increase physical activity
  • reduce stress
  • limit alcohol use

Occurrence of Unstable Angina

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Unstable Angina cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Unstable Angina most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged > 50 years

Common Gender

Unstable Angina can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Unstable Angina

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Unstable Angina:
  • Blood tests: To diagnose the heart tissue damage
  • ECG (Electrocardiography): To measure the heartbeat
  • Echocardiography: To create images of the heart
  • Stress tests: To manage the disease
  • Coronary angiography: To take pictures of heart arteries

Complications of Unstable Angina if untreated

Yes, Unstable Angina causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Unstable Angina is left untreated:
  • arrhythmias
  • heart attack
  • heart failure
  • shortness of breath
  • sweating
  • fainting
  • nausea
  • vomiting

Procedures for Treatment of Unstable Angina

The following procedures are used to treat Unstable Angina:
  • Angioplasty and stenting: To improve blood flow in the heart
  • Coronary artery bypass surgery: To bypass a heart artery and treat angina

Self-care for Unstable Angina

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Unstable Angina:
  • avoid smoking
  • maintain healthy weight
  • eat a healthy diet
  • do exercise
  • avoid large meals
  • limit alcohol use

Time for Treatment of Unstable Angina

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Unstable Angina to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Within 1 day

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Unstable Angina.
Stable Angina
Unstable Angina

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