Uterine Cancer

Also called: Endometrial cancer

The uterus, or womb, is the place where a baby grows when a women is pregnant. There are different types of uterine cancer. The most common type starts in the endometrium, the lining of the uterus. This type is also called endometrial cancer.

The symptoms of uterine cancer include

Uterine cancer usually happens after menopause. It is more common in women who are obese. You also have a higher risk if you took estrogen-only hormone replacement therapy (menopausal hormone therapy) for many years.

Tests to find uterine cancer include a pelvic exam, imaging tests, and a biopsy. The most common treatment is a hysterectomy, which is surgery to remove the uterus. Sometimes the surgery also removes the ovaries and fallopian tubes. Other treatments include hormone therapy, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Some women get more than one type of treatment.

NIH: National Cancer Institute

Symptoms of Uterine Cancer

The following features are indicative of Uterine Cancer:
  • vaginal bleeding after menopause
  • bleeding between periods
  • watery or blood-tinged discharge from the vagina
  • pelvic pain
It is possible that Uterine Cancer shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Uterine Cancer

The following are the most common causes of Uterine Cancer:
  • genetic mutation

Risk Factors for Uterine Cancer

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Uterine Cancer:
  • changes in the balance of female hormones in the body
  • women with polycystic ovary syndrome
  • rare type of ovarian tumor
  • menstruation at an early age
  • never having been pregnant
  • older age
  • obesity
  • hormone therapy for breast cancer
  • inherited colon cancer syndrome

Prevention of Uterine Cancer

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Uterine Cancer. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • talk to your doctor about the risks of hormone therapy after menopause
  • taking a combination of estrogen and progestin can reduce this risk
  • consider taking birth control pills
  • maintain a healthy weight
  • exercise most days of the week

Occurrence of Uterine Cancer

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Uterine Cancer cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Not common between 50K - 500K cases

Common Age Group

Uterine Cancer most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged > 50 years

Common Gender

Uterine Cancer most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Female

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Uterine Cancer

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Uterine Cancer:
  • Pelvic examination: To inspect the outer portion of the genitals
  • Transvaginal ultrasound: To create a picture of the uterus
  • Hysteroscopy: To examine the endometrium
  • Biopsy: Removing a sample of tissue for testing
  • Surgery: Remove the tumorous tissue
  • Computerized tomography (CT) scan/Positron emission tomography (PET) scan: To determine the stage of your cancer

Doctor for Diagnosis of Uterine Cancer

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Uterine Cancer:
  • Obstetrician
  • Gynecologist
  • Oncologist
  • Radiation Oncologist

Complications of Uterine Cancer if untreated

It is not know if Uterine Cancer causes complications if left untreated.

Procedures for Treatment of Uterine Cancer

The following procedures are used to treat Uterine Cancer:
  • Surgery: Removal of the uterus
  • Radiation therapy: To kill cancer cells
  • Chemotherapy: To kill cancer cells

Self-care for Uterine Cancer

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Uterine Cancer:
  • Use hormone therapy after menopause: Helps in controlling menopause symptoms
  • Use birth control pills: Reduces the endometrial cancer risk
  • Maintain a healthy weight: Reduces the risk of endometrial cancer
  • Exercise most days of the week: Reduces the risk of endometrial cancer

Patient Support for Treatment of Uterine Cancer

The following actions may help Uterine Cancer patients:
  • Find out enough about endometrial cancer: Helps in making decisions about your care
  • Maintain a strong support system: Helps in coping with treatment
  • Support groups: Join support groups that helps you in coping with disease

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 3/28/2019.
This page provides information for Uterine Cancer.
Cervical Cancer
Hysterectomy
Uterine Diseases
Women's Health Checkup

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