The uterus, or womb, is the place where a baby grows when a woman is pregnant. The first sign of a problem with the uterus may be bleeding between periods or after sex. Causes can include hormones, thyroid problems, fibroids, polyps, cancer, infection, or pregnancy.

Treatment depends on the cause. Sometimes birth control pills treat hormonal imbalances. If a thyroid problem is the cause, treating it may also stop the bleeding. If you have cancer or hyperplasia, an overgrowth of normal cells in the uterus, you may need surgery.

With two other uterine problems, tissue that normally lines the uterus grows where it is not supposed to. In endometriosis, it grows outside the uterus. In adenomyosis, it grows in the uterus's outside walls. Pain medicine may help. Other treatments include hormones and surgery.

Symptoms of Uterine Diseases

The following features are indicative of Uterine Diseases:
  • vaginal bleeding after menopause
  • watery or blood-tinged discharge from the vagina
  • heavy menstrual bleeding
  • menstrual periods lasting more than a week
  • pelvic pressure or pain
  • frequent urination
  • difficulty emptying the bladder
  • constipation
  • backache or leg pains
It is possible that Uterine Diseases shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Uterine Diseases

The following are the most common causes of Uterine Diseases:
  • genetic mutation
  • excess release of estrogen hormones
  • excess release of progesterone hormones
  • insulin-like growth factor

Risk Factors for Uterine Diseases

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Uterine Diseases:
  • changes in the balance of female hormones in the body
  • women with polycystic ovary syndrome
  • rare type of ovarian tumor
  • menstruation at an early age
  • never having been pregnant
  • older age
  • obesity
  • hormone therapy for breast cancer
  • inherited colon cancer syndrome
  • hereditary
  • black women
  • environmental factors
  • use of birth control pills

Prevention of Uterine Diseases

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Uterine Diseases. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • talk to your doctor about the risks of hormone therapy after menopause
  • taking a combination of estrogen and progestin can reduce this risk
  • consider taking birth control pills
  • maintain a healthy weight
  • exercise most days of the week
  • maintaining a normal weight
  • eating fruits and vegetables

Occurrence of Uterine Diseases

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Uterine Diseases cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Uterine Diseases most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged > 50 years

Common Gender

Uterine Diseases most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Female

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Uterine Diseases

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Uterine Diseases:
  • Pelvic examination: To inspect the outer portion of the genitals
  • Transvaginal ultrasound: To create a picture of the uterus
  • Hysteroscopy: To examine the endometrium
  • Biopsy: Removing a sample of tissue for testing
  • Surgery: Remove the tumorous tissue
  • Computerized tomography (CT) scan/Positron emission tomography (PET) scan: To determine the stage of your cancer
  • Ultrasound: To get picture of uterus
  • Complete blood count (CBC): To investigate the potential cause of the disease
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): To test the size and location of fibroids
  • Hysterosalpingography: To highlight the uterine cavity and fallopian tubes on X-ray images

Doctor for Diagnosis of Uterine Diseases

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Uterine Diseases:
  • Obstetrician
  • Gynecologist
  • Oncologist
  • Radiation Oncologist
  • General Surgeon

Complications of Uterine Diseases if untreated

Yes, Uterine Diseases causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Uterine Diseases is left untreated:
  • anemia from heavy blood loss

Procedures for Treatment of Uterine Diseases

The following procedures are used to treat Uterine Diseases:
  • Surgery: Removal of the uterus
  • Radiation therapy: To kill cancer cells
  • Chemotherapy: To kill cancer cells
  • MRI-guided focused ultrasound surgery: Heat and destroy small areas of fibroid tissue by using sound waves
  • Uterine artery embolization: Shrink the fibroids and relieving the symptoms they cause
  • Myolysis: Destroys the fibroids and shrinks the blood vessels that feed them
  • Laparoscopic or robotic myomectomy: Removal of fibroids from your uterus
  • Hysteroscopic myomectomy: Removal of fibroids
  • Endometrial ablation: Destroy the lining of your uterus to reduce the menstrual flow
  • Abdominal myomectomy: Removal of the fibroids

Self-care for Uterine Diseases

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Uterine Diseases:
  • Use hormone therapy after menopause: Helps in controlling menopause symptoms
  • Use birth control pills: Reduces the endometrial cancer risk
  • Maintain a healthy weight: Reduces the risk of endometrial cancer
  • Exercise most days of the week: Reduces the risk of endometrial cancer
  • Maintain healthy lifestyle: Reduces chances of formation of fibroids

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Uterine Diseases

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Uterine Diseases:
  • Use black cohosh supplements: Helps treating uterine conditions

Patient Support for Treatment of Uterine Diseases

The following actions may help Uterine Diseases patients:
  • Find out enough about endometrial cancer: Helps in making decisions about your care
  • Maintain a strong support system: Helps in coping with treatment
  • Support groups: Join support groups that helps you in coping with disease

Time for Treatment of Uterine Diseases

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Uterine Diseases to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Uterine Diseases.
Cervical Cancer
Cervix Disorders
Pelvic Support Problems
Uterine Cancer
Uterine Fibroids
Vaginal Bleeding

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