Vaginal problems are some of the most common reasons women go to the doctor. They may have symptoms such as

One common problem is vaginitis, an inflammation of the vagina. Other problems that affect the vagina include sexually transmitted diseases, vaginal cancer, and vulvar cancer. Treatment of vaginal problems depends on the cause.

Symptoms of Vaginal Diseases

The following features are indicative of Vaginal Diseases:
  • unusual vaginal bleeding
  • lump or mass in vagina
  • painful urination
  • frequent urination
  • constipation
  • pelvic pain
  • change in color, odor or amount of discharge from vagina
  • vaginal itching
  • vaginal irritation
  • pain during intercourse
  • foul-smelling discharge
  • frothy discharge
  • thick discharge
It is possible that Vaginal Diseases shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Vaginal Diseases

The following are the most common causes of Vaginal Diseases:
  • genetic mutations
  • bacterial vaginosis
  • yeast infections
  • trichomoniasis
  • use of vaginal sprays
  • regular douching
  • use of perfumed soaps

Other Causes of Vaginal Diseases

The following are the less common causes of Vaginal Diseases:
  • use of scented detergents
  • use of spermicidal products for birth control
  • genitourinary syndrome of menopause

Risk Factors for Vaginal Diseases

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Vaginal Diseases:
  • increasing age
  • vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia
  • exposure to diethylstilbestrol (DES)
  • multiple sexual partners
  • early age at first intercourse
  • smoking
  • HIV infection
  • hormonal changes
  • sexually transmitted infection
  • antibiotics use
  • steroids use
  • use of spermicides for birth control
  • uncontrolled diabetes
  • use of hygiene products
  • use of douching
  • waring damp or tight fitting clothing
  • using an intrauterine device (IUD) for birth control

Prevention of Vaginal Diseases

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Vaginal Diseases. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • undergoing regular pelvic exams and Pap tests
  • receiving vaccination to prevent HPV infection
  • quit smoking
  • avoid baths, hot tubs and whirlpool spas
  • avoid irritants
  • wipe from front to back after using the toilet
  • don't douche
  • use a latex condom
  • wear cotton underwear

Occurrence of Vaginal Diseases

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Vaginal Diseases cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Vaginal Diseases can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Vaginal Diseases most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Female

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Vaginal Diseases

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Vaginal Diseases:
  • Pelvic exam: To screen vaginal cancer cells and look inside vagina for inflammation and abnormal discharge
  • Pap test: To screen vaginal cancer cells
  • Colposcopy: To magnify the surface of vagina to see any areas of abnormal cells
  • Vaginal tissue biopsy: To test for cancer cells
  • Lab tests: To confirm the type of vaginitis
  • pH testing: To indicate bacterial vaginosis or trichomoniasis

Doctor for Diagnosis of Vaginal Diseases

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Vaginal Diseases:
  • Oncologist
  • Gynecologist

Complications of Vaginal Diseases if untreated

Yes, Vaginal Diseases causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Vaginal Diseases is left untreated:
  • cancer spread to other parts of body
  • sexually transmitted infections
  • premature deliveries
  • low birth weight babies

Procedures for Treatment of Vaginal Diseases

The following procedures are used to treat Vaginal Diseases:
  • Surgery: To remove small tumors or lesions, vagina and pelvic organs
  • Radiation therapy: To kill cancer cells
  • Chemotherapy: To kill cancer cells

Medicines for Vaginal Diseases

Below is the list of medicines used for Vaginal Diseases:

Self-care for Vaginal Diseases

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Vaginal Diseases:
  • Undergo regular pelvic exams and Pap tests: Helps early detection of vaginal cancer
  • Quit smoking: Helps decreasing the risk of vaginal cancer
  • Apply a cold compress: Helps easing the discomfort
  • Avoid irritants: Helps preventing irritation
  • Don't douche: Helps decreasing the risk of vaginal infection
  • Use a latex condom: Helps avoiding infections spread by sexual contact
  • Wear cotton underwear: Helps preventing yeast infections

Patient Support for Treatment of Vaginal Diseases

The following actions may help Vaginal Diseases patients:
  • Education: Helps making feel comfortable when it comes time to make decisions about treatment
  • Create a support network: Helps to share emotions about what patient is going through

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Vaginal Diseases.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Vaginal Bleeding
Vaginal Cancer
Vulvar Cancer
Vulvar Disorders
Yeast Infections

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