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Ventricular fibrillation

A disorder characterized by an electrocardiographic finding of a rapid grossly irregular ventricular rhythm with marked variability in QRS cycle length, morphology, and amplitude. The rate is typically greater than 300 bpm. (CDISC)

Symptoms of Ventricular fibrillation

The following features are indicative of Ventricular fibrillation:
  • loss of consciousness
  • agonal breathing
  • chest pain
  • dizziness
  • nausea
  • palpitations
  • shortness of breath

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Common Causes of Ventricular fibrillation

The following are the most common causes of Ventricular fibrillation:
  • problem in the electrical impulses

Risk Factors for Ventricular fibrillation

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Ventricular fibrillation:
  • electrocution accidents
  • injury to the heart
  • heart attack
  • angina
  • congenital heart disease
  • heart surgery
  • sudden cardiac death
  • very high blood potassium level
  • very low blood potassium level
  • smoking
  • diabetes

Prevention of Ventricular fibrillation

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Ventricular fibrillation. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • eat a healthy diet
  • exercise regularly
  • stop smoking
  • limit alcohol intake
  • maintain blood pressure
  • maintain cholesterol levels

Occurrence of Ventricular fibrillation

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Ventricular fibrillation cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very rare between 1K - 10K cases

Common Age Group

Ventricular fibrillation can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Ventricular fibrillation can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Ventricular fibrillation

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Ventricular fibrillation:
  • Heart monitoring: To read the electrical impulses
  • ECG (Electrocardiogram): To record the electrical activity of heart
  • Blood test: To check the presence of certain heart enzymes
  • Chest X-ray: To check the size and shape of heart
  • Cardiac CT scan (Computerized tomography): To collect images of your heart and chest
  • MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging): To produce signals that create images of heart

Complications of Ventricular fibrillation if untreated

Yes, Ventricular fibrillation causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Ventricular fibrillation is left untreated:
  • coma
  • long-term brain damage
  • other organ damage

Procedures for Treatment of Ventricular fibrillation

The following procedures are used to treat Ventricular fibrillation:
  • Coronary bypass surgery: Help to improve blood flow to heart and reduce risk of ventricular fibrillation
  • Coronary angioplasty: To reduce the risk of future episodes of ventricular fibrillation
  • Stent placement: To reduce the risk of ventricular fibrillation
  • ICD (Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator): To monitor heart rhythm constantly

Self-care for Ventricular fibrillation

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Ventricular fibrillation:
  • Eat a healthy diet such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains: Helps to keep heart healthy
  • Avoid alcohol consumption: Helps to reduce the damage of heart
  • Stop smoking: Helps to reduce the damage of heart

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Ventricular fibrillation

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Ventricular fibrillation:
  • Yoga: To reduce stress-related heart rhythm problems
  • Meditation: To prevent anger- and stress-related heart rhythm problems
  • Relaxation techniques: To prevent anger- and stress-related heart rhythm problems

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Ventricular fibrillation.

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