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Dryness of the eye due to inadequate production of tears. Causes include vitamin A deficiency, Sjogren syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and scleroderma.
Symptoms of Xerophthalmia
The following features are indicative of Xerophthalmia:
dryness of the conjunctiva
dryness of the cornea
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Common Causes of Xerophthalmia
The following are the most common causes of Xerophthalmia:
vitamin A deficiency
Risk Factors for Xerophthalmia
The following factors may increase the likelihood of Xerophthalmia:
chronic liver disease
Prevention of Xerophthalmia
Yes, it may be possible to prevent Xerophthalmia. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
intake vitamin A rich diet
Occurrence of Xerophthalmia
Number of Cases
The following are the number of Xerophthalmia cases seen each year worldwide:
Very common > 10 Million cases
Common Age Group
Xerophthalmia most commonly occurs in the following age group:
Aged between 15-60 years
Xerophthalmia can occur in any gender.
Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Xerophthalmia
The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Xerophthalmia:
Blood test: To check vitamin A deficiency
Electroretinography: To detect abnormal function of the retina
Complications of Xerophthalmia if untreated
Yes, Xerophthalmia causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Xerophthalmia is left untreated:
Self-care for Xerophthalmia
The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Xerophthalmia:
Intake of Vitamin A rich diet: To reduce the risk of Xerophthalmia
Avoid alcohol: Reduce the risk of Xerophthalmia
Last updated date
This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
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Dryness of the eye due to inadequate production of tears. Causes ...
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