Dryness of the eye due to inadequate production of tears. Causes include vitamin A deficiency, Sjogren syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and scleroderma.

Symptoms of Xerophthalmia

The following features are indicative of Xerophthalmia:
  • night blindness
  • dryness of the conjunctiva
  • dryness of the cornea

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Common Causes of Xerophthalmia

The following are the most common causes of Xerophthalmia:
  • vitamin A deficiency

Risk Factors for Xerophthalmia

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Xerophthalmia:
  • alcoholism
  • chronic liver disease
  • diarrhea

Prevention of Xerophthalmia

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Xerophthalmia. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • intake vitamin A rich diet

Occurrence of Xerophthalmia

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Xerophthalmia cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Xerophthalmia most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 15-60 years

Common Gender

Xerophthalmia can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Xerophthalmia

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Xerophthalmia:
  • Blood test: To check vitamin A deficiency
  • Electroretinography: To detect abnormal function of the retina

Complications of Xerophthalmia if untreated

Yes, Xerophthalmia causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Xerophthalmia is left untreated:
  • corneal ulceration
  • blindness

Self-care for Xerophthalmia

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Xerophthalmia:
  • Intake of Vitamin A rich diet: To reduce the risk of Xerophthalmia
  • Avoid alcohol: Reduce the risk of Xerophthalmia

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Xerophthalmia.

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